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同义句转换

初中英语同义句转换

【类型一】运用同义词或同义词组替换原句的有关部分。

【解题要领】将原句中的某些词或词组,用其同义词或同义词组进行替换改变,这是同义句转换使用最多的类型。在英语新教材中,同义词或词组的运用非常广泛,学习过程中要尽可能多地去归纳总结,以达到熟能生巧,举一反三的程度。

【精典例句】1、他擅长绘画。

He is good at drawing./He does well in drawing.

2、今天风很大。

There is a strong wind today./It's very windy today.

3、明天我们将乘飞机去东京。

Tomorrow we will go to Tokyo by air./Tomorrow we will fly to Tokyo.

4、王先生在六点钟到达了火车站。

Mr Wang reached /got to /arrived at the railway station at six.

5、这本书花了我10元钱。

I spent ten yuan on the book./I paid ten yuan for the book./The book cost me ten yuan.

【直击中考】1.She got a letter from her penfriend last week.(2002甘肃省)

She________ _________ her penfriend last week.

2.Linda likes music better than art.(2002呼和浩特市)

Linda________ music ________ art.

3.They enjoyed themselves at the garden party.(2002广州市)

They________ ________ ________ ________ at the garden party.

4.The Smiths teach themselves Chinese after work.(2002聊城市)

The Smiths ________ Chinese ________ themselves after work.

【类型二】运用反义词或词组改写原句有关部分。

【解题要领】此类转换主要是通过改换主语和运用其相关词或词组的反义,进行同义转换。

【精典例句】1、我向他借了一台电脑。

I borrowed a computer from him./He lent a computer to me.

2、我认为数学比英语难。

I think maths is harder than English.

Ithink English is easier than maths.

【直击中考】5.Chinese is more popular than Japanese.(2001宁夏)

Japanese is ________ popular than Chinese.

6.The runner fell behind the others though he did what he could.(2001济南市)

The runner________ to ________ with the others though he________ his ________ .

【类型三】运用相同涵义的不同句式来表达。

【解题要领】不同的句式表达同一涵义是英语表达的显著特点。在英语新教材中,这样的句式应用得也比较广泛。如:Can I help you?/May I help you?/ What can I do for you?(我能帮你吗?)应要求学生充分掌握。

【精典例句】1、这位画家画一匹马花费了两个钟头。

The artist spent two hours drawing a horse./It took the artist two hours to draw a horse.

2、让我们去动物园好吗? Shall we go to the zoo?/Let's go to the zoo,shall we?

3、今天天气怎么样? What's the weather like today?/How's the weather today?

【直击中考】7.Don't open the door, will you?(2002盐城市)Will you please ________ the door ________ ?

8.How many people live in France?(2002厦门市)________ ________ the population of France?

9.We spent twenty minutes cleaning the room yesterday.(2002哈尔滨市)

It ________ ________ twenty minutes ________ ________ the room yesterday.

聚焦中考同义句转换“十二类型”(二)

【类型四】运用感叹句的两种句式进行转换。

【解题要领】感叹句的两种句式可进行相互转换,但必须把握其句型。

1)How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语!

2)What+a(an)+adj.+单数名词+主语+谓语!

What+adj.+复数名词/不可数名词+主语+谓语!

【精典例句】1.这个男孩多么善良啊!How kind the boy is!/What a kind boy he is!

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