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A Study of Culture Transfer and Pragmatic Failure

中文名汉字 (1234567, Class 8)

Abstract: Culture transfer can be a stumbling block on the road to learning a foreign language and cultural differences are always neglected in cross-cultural communication, thus leading to pragmatic failure, setting obstacles and barriers, hindering communications from moving on smoothly. This paper offers a tentative introduction to culture transfer, explores the concept of pragmatic failure, and aims to analyze the relationship between them. The present study tries to provide people with a thorough understanding of culture transfer and to foster people’s awareness to avoid pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication.

Key words: culture transfer, pragmatic failure, pragmalinguistic failure

0. Introduction

Every culture is unique in the world and cultural differences can be a stumbling block on the road to learning a foreign language. However, cultural differences are often overlooked and neglected in cross-cultural communication, in which the cultural background of the participants’ mother tongue inevitably influences their use of the target language, leading to misunderstanding or even hatred. Put differently, in such situations, culture transfer occurs, which in turn results in pragmatic failure, setting obstacles and barriers to cross-cultural communication, and hindering it from going on smoothly. What is culture transfer? What is pragmatic failure? What is the relationship between culture transfer and pragmatic failure? These are the questions we will discuss in this paper.

1. Theoretical study of transfer

The past fifty years have witnessed an ever-growing interest in language transfer in the filed of Second Language Acquisition, which has gained scholars’ close attention. They explore this subject from different perspectives and have achieved a lot in this field. In this part, our emphasis is mainly put on the theoretical aspects of transfer study: its concept, classification and culture transfer.

1.1 The concept of transfer

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