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step by step 3000(4)期末考试

Unit6 part1

A. 1. Over-scheduled syndrome -- the amount of free time for children dropping about 16% over the past few years

2. Cultural shift in the past few years

a. The past: children taking part in extracurricular activities (ballet, gymnastics, football) in a casual way

b. The pr esent: a real emphasis and stress on these children to be experts / prodigies in these activities

3. Solution: parent s saying "enough is enough" / cutting back / pulling children out of all their activ ities

Tapescript:

Market researchers estimate that the average teenager spends about $82 of their own money a week on clothing, food, and entertainment. But not all kids have time to go shopping. As a matter of fact, the amount of fr ee time that children have has dropped about 16 percent over the last several years. Many call it the over-scheduled syndrome.

There's been a real cultural shift in this country in the past few years. It used to be that children could participate in ballet, or gymnastics, or football in a very casual way. N ow there's a real emphasis and a real stress on these kids to be exper ts. The children are expected to become prodigies in whatever extracurr icular activity it is that they choose.

Is it all necessary if the goal is simply to get into a selective college? Administration officers at Harvard U niversity says, "No." Only

one-thir d of the students they select are academic or extracurricular prodigies. The rest are quote "well-rounded and well-gr ounded." What we're finding is that many parents now are starting to say "enough is enough," and they're cutting back. We've found parents who are pulling their children out of all of their activities. It's just too much stress on the children, too much time away from homew ork, time away from sleeping, time away from eating and enough, and a lot of parents now are just saying stop!

B.Ⅰ. What is vandalism? What is mugging?

Ⅱ.

1. _____ V andalism and mugging ar e common in modern society.

2. _____ V andalism and mugging are mostly committed by teenagers.

3. _____ Dur ing the Second World War there was no cr ime of any kind in the streets of London although the city was in complete darkness every night.

4. _____ At that time, vandalism and mugging wer e unknown and people were preoccupied by the more terrible dangers of air rai ds.

5. _____ All the people, old and young, wer e busy with the war effort and there was no sympathy for those who w ere idle.

6. _____ Now adays some people commit such acts as vandalism and mugging because they have nowhere to release their ener gy.

7. _____ Every responsible citizen should condemn the young people's behaviour so as to reduce cr imes.

8. _____ Society is to blame. It's society's responsibility to help young people and create in them a sense of belonging.

故意毁坏文物的行为;破坏他人财产的行为

Vandalism, that is, the senseless destruction of other people' s property, seems to have become part of modern life, and, at the same time, we have come to accept mugging , 行凶抢劫in other words, robbery with violence in our streets, as a common danger.

It is interesting to note that, dur ing the Second W orld War when London w as blacked out every night, vandalism and mugging were virtually unknow n. People walked the streets in complete darkness without fear of being attacked or robbed on their way home. There were, of course, other and more terrible dangers, and obviously petty thiev es and cr iminals were still around. But young people did not bash up撞毁毁坏损坏a telephone box just for the hell of it闹着玩, terror ize old ladies or deliberately desecrat e(purposely damage)

public buildings or grounds. Destruction as the result of air raids 空袭(attacks ) st ared every one in the face当面and the danger of renewed bombing was ever-present.经常存在的;始终存在的

Nevertheless there was in a sense 从某种意义上说full employment. Most people, w ith the exception of the very young, the old and the sick, were either serving in one of the armed forces武装部队, working in factories, or otherwise engaged in helping the w ar effort.

No one needed to be idle and there w asn' t much sympathy for those who were.---w ear

Perhaps it is true to say that in our modern progressive society vandalism and mugging express revolt against idleness, the despair of young people who have no purpose in life and w ho face unemployment from the moment they leave school. Statistics show that acts of this kind are mostly committed by young people, often teenagers, who seem to have come to the conclusion that society does not want

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