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英语专八真题改错含答案

00-14年

The grammatical words which play so large a part in English

grammar are for the most part sharply and obviously different 1.___

from the lexical words. A rough and ready difference which may

seem the most obvious is that grammatical words have“ less

meaning”, but in fact some grammarians have called them 2.___

“empty” words as opposed in the “full” words of vocabulary. 3.___

But this is a rather misled way of expressing the distinction. 4.___

Although a word like the is not the name of something as man is,

it is very far away from being meaningless; there is a sharp 5.___

difference in meaning between “man is vile and” “the man is

vile”, yet the is the single vehicle of this difference in meaning. 6.___

Moreover, grammatical words differ considerably among

themselves as the amount of meaning they have, even in the 7.___

lexical sense. Another name for the grammatical words has been

“little words”. But size is by no mean a good criterion for 8.___

distinguishing the grammatical words of English, when we

consider that we have lexical words as go, man, say, car. Apart 9.___

from this, however, there is a good deal of truth in what some

people say: we certainly do create a great number of obscurity 10.___

when we omit them. This is illustrated not only in the poetry of

Robert Browning but in the prose of telegrams and newspaper headlines.

2001改错

During the early years of this century, wheat was seen as the

very lifeblood of Western Canada. People on city streets watched

the yields and the price of wheat in almost as much feeling as if 1.___

they were growers. The marketing of wheat became an increasing 2.___

favorite topic of conversation.

War set the stage for the most dramatic events in marketing

the western crop. For years, farmers mistrusted speculative grain

selling as carried on through the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.

Wheat prices were generally low in the autumn, so farmers could 3.___

not wait for markets to improve. It had happened too often that

they sold their wheat soon shortly after harvest when farm debts 4.___

were coming due, just to see prices rising and speculators getting rich. 5.___

On various occasions, producer groups, asked firmer control, 6.___

but the government had no wish to become involving, at 7.___

least not until wartime when wheat prices threatened to run

wild.

Anxious to check inflation and rising life costs, the federal 8.___

government appointed a board of grain supervisors to deal with

deliveries from the crops of 1917 and 1918. Grain Exchange

trading was suspended, and farmers sold at prices fixed by the

board. To handle with the crop of 1919, the government 9.___

appointed the first Canadian Wheat Board, with total authority to 10.___

buy, sell, and set prices.

2002改错

There are great impediments to the general use of a standard in pronunciation comparable to that existing in spelling (orthography). One is the fact that pronunciation is learnt naturally and unconsciously, and orthography is

learnt 1.___deliberately and consciously. Large numbers of us, in fact, remain throughout our lives quite unconscious with what our 2.___speech sounds like when we speak out, and it often comes as a 3.___shock when we firstly hear a

recording of ourselves. It is not a 4.___voice we recognize at once, whereas our own handwriting is something which we almost always know. We begin the 5.___ natural learning of pronunciation long before we start learning to read or write, and in our early years we went on unconsciously 6.___ imitating and practicing the pronunciation of those around us for many more hours per every day than we ever have to spend 7.___ learning even our difficult English spelling. This is

natural , 8.___therefore, that our speech-sounds should be those of our immediate circle; after all, as we have seen, speech operates as a means of holding a community and giving a sense of 9.___'belonging'. We learn quite early to recognize a stranger ,someone who speaks with an accent of a different community-perhaps only a few miles far. 10.___

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