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英语量词

特点一:英语量词词组所表示的数或量,大致可归纳为四种类型,即定量、不定量、大量和少量。

1.表示定量的量词词组,譬如:

a couple of(两个、一对)—a couple of days,a couple of players,a couple of times a cupful of(一满杯)—a cupful of jelly,a cupful of water

a portion of(一份/客)—a portion of duck,a portion of roast beef

2.表示不定量的量词词组,譬如:

a majority of(大多数/大半)—a majority of opinions,a majority of votes an atom of(一点)—an atom of food,an atom of truth

a spell of(一阵/一段时间)—a spell of fine weather,a spell of coughing

3.表示大量的量词词组,譬如:

a flood of—a flood of ink(洋洋大篇),a flood of tears(泪如泉涌)

a heap of—a heap of earth(一堆泥土),a heap of customers(许多顾客) a mountain of—a mountain of debts(债台高筑),a mountain of difficulties(困难重重)

4.表示少量的量词词组,譬如:

a drop of—a drop of fever(有点热度),a drop of dew(一点露水)

a particle of—a particle of feeling(一丝感情),a particle of dust(一点灰尘) a shadow of—a shadow of doubt(一点怀疑),a shadow of freedom(一点自由) 特点二:有些数量词组修饰可数名词,有些数量词组修饰不可数名词,还有些则两者均可修饰。

1.修饰不可数名词的量词词组,譬如:

a bit of—a bit of English(一点英语),a bit of good advice(一些好意见),a bit of interest(一点兴趣)

a shred of—a shred of evidence(一点证据),a shred of cloth(少量布),a shred of reputation(一点声誉)

a sheet of—a sheet of glass(一块玻璃),a sheet of water(一片汪洋)

2.修饰可数名词的量词词组,譬如:

a cluster of—a cluster of flowers(一簇花),a cluster of spectators(一群观众),a cluster of bright stars(闪烁群星)

a string of—a string of pearls(一串珠子),a string of curses(连续不断的咒骂),a string of excuses(一连串借口)

a scram of—a scram of mosquitoes(一群蚊子),a scram of geese(一群鹅),a scram of children(一群孩子)

3.修饰(不)可数名词的量词词组,譬如:

a body of—a body of bees(一群蜜蜂),a body of cold air(一股冷空气),a body of facts(许多事实)

a block of—a block of ice(一大块冰),a block of flats(一幢公寓),a block of houses(一排房子)

a chain of—a chain of ideas(一系列想法),a chain of accidents(一连串事故),a chain of proof(一连串证据)

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